XYLITOL AND MALTITOL – LOW CALORIE SUGAR ALTERNATIVE
Polyols like XYLITOL AND MALTITOL are a group of low-digestible carbohydrates derived from the hydrogenation of their sugar or syrup source.
These unique sweeteners taste like sugar with about half the calories. They are used as food ingredients to replace sugar in an increasing variety of sugar-free and reduced-calorie foods and beverages for their functional and health benefits. Unlike other sugar free alternatives which usually have bitter after taste these do not. Making them even more consumer friendly + healthy option of choice.
These products include chewing gums, candies, ice cream, baked goods and fruit spreads. In addition, they function well in fillings and frostings, canned fruits, beverages, yogurt and table top sweeteners.
They are also used in toothpastes, mouthwashes and pharmaceutical products such as cough syrups and throat lozenges. Also, some functional foods or nutraceuticals are sweetened with them.
Sugar has a Glycaemic Index (GI) of 65. XYLITOL AND MALTITOL have a GI <10.2 A high glycaemic index means that it can raise blood glucose levels.
Sugar provides approximately 4.0 calories per gram. While Polyols (with the exception of erythritol) provide about 2.4 kilocalories per gram
|2.4 calories per gram||xylitol|
|2.1 calories per gram||maltitol|
In addition to their clean sweet taste and unique functional properties, polyols like XYLITOL AND MALTITOL offer important health benefits. Unlike general sugar free sweeteners these do not have any bitter after taste.
They are not usually fermented or metabolized by oral bacteria, and therefore are not converted into acids or other by products that contribute to tooth decay. They infact prevent plaque formation in the oral cavity making them even more suitable for Pharmaceuticals, Oral Care, Nutraceutical & Food products.
Polyols contain half the calories in regular sugar, they do not interfere with the sugar levels in the blood or cause sudden changes in the glycaemic levels, which can trigger conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and heart problems. Hence, they are the preferred options for diabetics who can get the taste & feel of sugar while keeping their calories under control.
A popular pharmaceutical & food additive that is 90% as sweet as ordinary sugar. Industrial Maltitol is derived from hydrogenating the two sugars, a glucose-glucose disaccharide found in corn starch. These sugars are derived from maltose contained in the corn starch.
Because of its high sweetness levels, it is an ideal additive in the food chemical industry while it is gaining tremendous acceptance in the Pharmaceutical Industry in the last few years. Naturally, Maltitol is found in fruits and vegetables including chicory leaves and roasted malt. Rather than add sweetness, maltitol can also be used in food products to prevent browning and keeps foods moist for longer periods.
Maltitol comes in Liquid as well as Crystal/Powder form.
Maltitol Liquid is a type of ‘Ready to use Syrup Base’ as it is sweetened, viscous & transparent liquid making its application easy in Medicated Syrups, Flavoured Syrups as well as Beverages. The Syrup base a big advantage in reducing the time & efforts spent in production where sugar is usually used by heating huge gallons of water to melt the sugar & then cool it which takes a lot of time & energy. Maltitol Syrup is ready to use product which tastes like Sugar Syrup & is completely transparent. The additional feature is it has a suitable viscosity also for a Medicinal Syrup. Infact many well-known Brands of Cough Syrups are switching to Maltitol Syrup to enhance the taste of their product but more importantly making them Diabetic friendly product.
Since Maltitol prevents plaque formation & is a natural product is has been widely accepted for products for Children & Pregnant Woman as well. It Blends well with flavours and can mask certain unpleasant off-flavours.
Major Applications: Toothpaste, Medicated Syrups, Sugar Free Syrups, Beverages, Chewable Tablets & Gums, Table Top Sweeteners.
This sugar alcohol appears in small amounts in fruits and vegetables such as raspberries, endives, and strawberries. For commercial purposes, xylitol is derived from hardwood trees and corncobs.
Xylitol comes in Crystal/Powder form.
Have found great acceptance & use in Health & Wellness products across the globe including Nutraceuticals, Pharmaceuticals & Food products. The major use of this product has been for Toothpaste, Mouthwash, Tooth gel, Toothpowder, Chewing Gums, Candies & Chewable Tablets.
Since Xylitol has the ability to prevent plaque formation & it tastes just as sweet as sugar it has met with welcoming hands from scientists & formulators of Oral Care products. In addition to this Xylitol has a cooling effect in the oral cavity making it a peculiar sweetener & ticking all the boxes for an ingredient for Oral Care formulations, Chewing Gums, Chewable Tablets and Candies.
Are sugar alternatives safe?
Sugar alternatives (polyols) such as XYLITOL AND MALTITOL have been used in foods around the world for many years. An Expert Committee of the World Health Organization has carefully reviewed them and concluded that they are safe for human consumption! In the U.S., the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) classifies some as Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) and others are approved food additives.
For the vast majority of consumers, these sweeteners do not cause a problem. In some people, excessive consumption may cause mild laxative effects, similar to reactions to beans and certain high-fiber foods. Such symptoms depend on an individual’s sensitivity and the other foods eaten at the same time.
These are safe for consumption as they are natural sweeteners. Safe even for consumption by pregnant or nursing women. As mentioned earlier they are safe for diabetics and individuals with hyperglycaemia as they exhibits a low glycaemic index.
Both XYLITOL AND MALTITOL are Pharmaceutical & Food compliant products.
Our team at Pioma Chemicals is always ready to support our customers with technical queries, documentation, sample & ofcourse seamless supply of XYLITOL AND MALTITOL.
For more information, additional literature & product samples please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or visit our website www.pioma.net
- Jedziniak, J. A., Chylack, L.T., Cheng, H.M., Gillis, M.K., Kalustian, A.A., & Tung, W.H. (1981). “The sorbitol pathway in the human lens: aldose reductase and polyol dehydrogenase”. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 20 (3): 314–26.
- Sugar Alcohol: Definition, Side Effects, Use in Diabetes, IBS. (2016, June 4). Retrieved from ://www.nutrientsreview.com/carbs/low-calorie-sugar-alcohols-polyols.html Link
- “polyol.” A Dictionary of Biology. Retrieved from ://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/polyol Link
- The Joint Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA)